“We really believe that statistics is, for those who possess it, a valuable national wealth… Statistics is the only certain realm on which a careful government should found the reason of its reforms.”
Dionisie Pop Martian
Official statistics in Romania is organized and coordinated by the National Institute of Statistics, specialized body of central general government, legal entity, subordinated to the Government and coordinated by the minister who coordinates the Government General Secretary.
The president represents the institution in its relations with other authorities of central general government and with third legal persons, with natural persons, as well as with internal and external organizations and has the following general tasks in his field of activity:
The vice-president tasks are established through the order of the president of National Institute of Statistics.
The general secretary of the National Institute of Statistics – high civil servant – is subordinated to the president and undertakes the following main tasks:
a) coordinates the good functioning of departments and of functional activities within the National Institute of Statistics and ensures the operative link between the president and the leaders of all departments in the institute and leaders of subordinated units;
The National Institute of Statistics has under subordination the following units:
a) regional statistical directions organized at county level - centers of regions of development, set up according to the stipulations of the Law no. 315/2004 on regional development in Romania and county statistical directions organized at the level of the other counties, as public institutions with legal entity financed from the state budget;
In order to assure objective, transparent and scientific methodologies, indicators, nomenclatures and classifications used in statistical activity, besides the National Institute of Statistics, the Council of Statistical Activity Coordination is functioning, as a consulting body mainly charged with the analisys and approval of the development strategy of national statistical system, the activity reports of the National Institute of Statistics and the Yearly Program of statistical surveys.
In order to achieve its activity, the National Institute of Statistics has the following tasks:
a) draws up the system of stastistical indicators, the computation methodologies and the specific technologies and standards to obtain these indicators;
July 12, 1859 - The ruler Alexandru Ioan Cuza signed The Ordinance on the setting up on Central Administrative Statistics Office, marking the birth certificate of official statistics in Romania. This moment is also related to the names of two famous Romanian economists of the XIX-th century, Dionisie Pop Martian and Ion Ionescu de la Brad.
In the long run, official statistics, one of the first public institutions created in Romania after the Union as well as one of oldest statistical offices in Europe has faced evolutions and reorganizations, successively changing its name, always observing the principles of truth and probity of its approach, keeping its status of main instrument of knowledge and evaluation of the country reality, providing, through statistical data and information, the necessary background to the authorities, to economic units, to the whole society, to build up and put into practice some realistic programs of governing, of economic and social development.
I. Start and confirmation (1859-1877)
Since the beginning, without having the necessary material resources, sufficient and specialized staff, the statistical institution ventured and succeeded to end far-reaching actions, gaining fame and prestige. The following were achieved:
II. Contributions to economic and social consolidation of Romania after conquering the state independence (1877-1914)
Carrying on the steps of the pioneer period, official statistics is one of the main pillars of the Romanian state in the period of its consolidation, through a substantial contribution of statistical information necessary to take accurate decisions for the country development. The following were achieved:
III. Romanian stsistical school in vanguard of international statistics (1918-1945)
Between the two world wars, Romanian official statistics imposes itself, through its great personalities, the status of a prestige school at international level. It is the period when the institution takes advantage from the creative activity of famous personalities: Dimitrie Gusti, Octav Onicescu, Grigore Moisil, Gheorghe Mihoc, Sabin Manuila, Anton Golopentia etc.
IV. Keeping the identity and proffesional probity (1946-1989)
The years after the second world war, a period full of obstacles and difficulties, of all kinds of pressure, are however characterized by the efforts made by a new generation of statisticians – most of them were ex-collaborators and disciples of previous period masters – to assure the continuity of statistical data and series and to keep at great extent the credibility of Romanian official statistics, in spite of totalitarian regime, of convenient and make up presentation of some statistical information. Among the efforts made to keep the identity of statistical science and of professional probity of its civil servants, it is well known the contribution of Mihail Levente and Mircea Biji, of other remarkable specialists for the following:
V. For a functional market economy, serving the state of right and democratic values of Romanian society
After December 1989 revolution, Romanian official statistics contributes, through its data and information, as a result of improved working tools and methodologies, to the support of national efforts for carrying out some structural reforms, economic and social development, modernization of the Romanian society. Therefore:
Last update: November 25, 2011